Alumni Team : "Chronobiology and affective disorders"
The research aims of Neurobiological Rhythms and Sleep are focused on the molecular, cellular and behavioral mechanisms of the circadian timing system and the consequences of aging and neurodegenerative disease. Our approaches strive to understand the mechanisms of synchronization of circadian rhythms by lignt, the molecular and physiological mechanisms of the endogenous circadian oscillators, and the regulation of output behavioral and physiological rhythms. The coding of photic information by retinal photoreceptors (rods, cones, melanopsin ganglion cells) are studied using in vivo electrophysiological recording techniques in anaesthetised and awake, freely moving animals. The effects of light (intensity, duration, spectrum) on SCN neuronal activity and on clock gene expression are also assayed using quantitative RT-PCR and microarray analysis. In order to understand the consequences of chronobiological disorders, another line of research involves investigation of the mechanisms of synchronisation of central and peripheral oscillators, including the expression of clock genes and rhythmically expressed clock controlled genes in the brain and in different body tissues. Pathological models studied include ocular diseases and Parkinson's disease in rodents and aging in a prosimian primate. In humans, circadian photoreception and entrainment of the circadian timing system as well as chronobiological disorders related to ocular pathologies, aging and neurodegenerative diseases are studied in the framework of a European integrated project EUClock in our clinically based Platform for Research on Human Chronobiology. In order to bridge the gap between cellular-molecular studies in rodent models and clinical studies in humans, the non-human primate is used to study the circadian timing system and sleep wake cycle and, in the framework of the laboratory transverse project, the chronobiological consequences of Parkinson's Disease.
|2010||27(7):1348-64||Phase and period responses of the jerboa Jaculus orientalis to short light pulses||El Moussaouiti R, Bouhaddou N, Sabbar M, Cooper HM, Lakhdar-Ghazal N||Chronobiol Int||-|
|2010||27(8):1532-45||Photic induction of Fos in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of African mole-rats: responses to increasing irradiance||Oosthuizen MK, Bennett NC, Cooper HM||Chronobiol Int||-|
|2000||275(49):38674-9||A fully functional rod visual pigment in a blind mammal. A case for adaptive functional reorganization?||Janssen JW, Bovee-Geurts PH, Peeters ZP, Bowmaker JK, Cooper HM, David-Gray ZK, Nevo E, DeGrip WJ||J Biol Chem|
|1994||278(1):65-84||The suprachiasmatic nucleus in the sheep: retinal projections and cytoarchitectural organization||Tessonneaud A, Cooper HM, Caldani M, Locatelli A, Viguier-Martinez MC||Cell Tissue Res||-|
|2011||28(5):407-14||Human cone light sensitivity and melatonin rhythms following 24-hour continuous illumination||Danilenko KV, Plisov IL, Cooper HM, Wirz-Justice A, Hébert M||Chronobiol Int||-|
|2012||29(11):2469-78||Refined flicker photometry technique to measure ocular lens density||Teikari P, Najjar RP, Knoblauch K, Dumortier D, Cornut PL, Denis P, Cooper HM, Gronfier C||J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis|
|2006||29(7):847-51||Consequences of glaucoma on circadian and central visual systems||Chiquet C, Drouyer E, Woldemussie E, Ruiz G, Wheeler L, Denis P, Cooper H, Romanet JP||J Fr Ophtalmol|
|2008||3(12):e3931||Glaucoma alters the circadian timing system||Drouyer E, Dkhissi-Benyahya O, Chiquet C, WoldeMussie E, Ruiz G, Wheeler LA, Denis P, Cooper HM||PLoS One|
|2013||30(6):741-55||Lack of long-term changes in circadian, locomotor, and cognitive functions in acute and chronic MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) mouse models of Parkinson's disease||Fifel K, Dkhissi-Benyahya O, Cooper HM||Chronobiol Int||-|
|1990||302(2):394-404||Macaque accessory optic system: I. Definition of the medial terminal nucleus||Cooper HM, Baleydier C, Magnin M||J Comp Neurol||-|